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Pregnancy testing and advice

Think you might be pregnant? Not sure what to do next?

Where to get a test

You can buy do-it-yourself pregnancy testing kits from pharmacies and supermarkets. They can give a quick result, and you can do the test in private. A range of tests is available. The way they work varies, so check the instructions first.

Umbrella clinics offer free pregnancy tests for people who are worried they might be pregnant and would like further information and advice.

Your GP can also offer advice on pregnancy testing.

You can carry out most pregnancy tests on a sample of urine from the first day of a missed period. If you’re pregnant, this is about two weeks after conception. (Conception is when the egg is fertilised by the sperm). Some very sensitive pregnancy tests can be used even before you miss a period, from as early as eight days after conception.

You can do a pregnancy test on urine collected at any time of the day. It doesn’t have to be in the morning. Collect the urine in a clean, soap-free, well-rinsed container.

All pregnancy tests detect the hormone human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) which starts to be produced around six days after fertilisation.


Home pregnancy tests are not always accurate. A positive test result is almost certainly correct. A negative result is less reliable. If you get a negative result and still think that you’re pregnant, wait a week and try again, or see a GP or visit an Umbrella clinic.

If you’re pregnant and want to continue with the pregnancy, contact your GP or a midwife to start your antenatal care.

If you’re not sure about continuing with the pregnancy, you can discuss this confidentially with a healthcare professional. Your options are:

  • continuing with the pregnancy and keeping the baby
  • terminating the pregnancy (having an abortion)
  • continuing with the pregnancy and having the baby adopted or fostered

As well as a GP or a nurse at your GP surgery, you can also get accurate, confidential information (even if you’re under 16) from your local Umbrella clinic.

While Umbrella doesn’t perform abortions, some of our clinics may be able to refer you to a specialist service that does.