What are the symptoms of HIV?

Not everybody with HIV shows signs or symptoms of the infection. Some people when first infected may experience flu-like symptoms (sometimes known as seroconversion illness, or primary HIV infection). These may include diarrhoea, headaches, fatigue, high temperature/fever, muscle aches and pains, skin rash or sore throat.

Following the first stage you may not experience any symptoms for a number of years and the HIV may go undetected but during this time the virus will multiply and can still be passed to other people.

However, unless HIV is diagnosed and treated with antiviral tablets, the immune systems will be affected and eventually lead to life-threatening infections and/or cancer.

See the FPA website for a range of downloadable leaflets on contraception and sexually transmitted infections.

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