HIV and AIDS

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It attacks the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight infections and disease.

  • How do you catch HIV?

    HIV is spread by sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal and sometimes even oral sex.

    How do you catch HIV?

  • What are the symptoms of HIV?

    Not everybody with HIV shows signs or symptoms of the infection.

    What are the symptoms of HIV?

  • How to avoid HIV

    The main way to prevent HIV infection is to reduce the risk of exposure by using a condom when you have sex and not sharing needles and other equipment used for injecting drugs.

    How to avoid HIV

  • Testing for HIV

    The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test.

    Testing for HIV

  • How do you treat HIV?

    There is no cure for HIV, but there are treatments to enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life.

    How do you treat HIV?

  • Post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure to HIV (PEPSE)

    PEPSE is a type of medication that can be taken up to 72 hours after exposure to HIV to stop you becoming infected.

    Post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure to HIV (PEPSE)

  • Informing your partners of HIV (contact tracing)

    ​​HIV can cause serious health problems if untreated and early diagnosis is crucial in improving long-term outcomes.

    Informing your partners of HIV (contact tracing)

  • HIV and AIDS FAQs

    Got a question about HIV and AIDS? Find the answers here.

    HIV and AIDS FAQs

  • HIV and AIDS mythbusters

    Get the facts on HIV and AIDS.

    HIV and AIDS mythbusters

See the FPA website for a range of downloadable leaflets on contraception and sexually transmitted infections.

View FPA leaflets