HIV and AIDS
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It attacks the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight infections and disease.
How do you catch HIV?
HIV is spread by sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal and sometimes even oral sex.
What are the symptoms of HIV?
Not everybody with HIV shows signs or symptoms of the infection.
How to avoid HIV
The main way to prevent HIV infection is to reduce the risk of exposure by using a condom when you have sex and not sharing needles and other equipment used for injecting drugs.
Testing for HIV
The only way to find out if you have HIV is to have an HIV test.
How do you treat HIV?
There is no cure for HIV, but there are treatments to enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life.
Post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure to HIV (PEPSE)
PEPSE is a type of medication that can be taken up to 72 hours after exposure to HIV to stop you becoming infected.
Informing your partners of HIV (contact tracing)
HIV can cause serious health problems if untreated and early diagnosis is crucial in improving long-term outcomes.
HIV and AIDS FAQs
Got a question about HIV and AIDS? Find the answers here.
HIV and AIDS mythbusters
Get the facts on HIV and AIDS.
See the FPA website for a range of downloadable leaflets on contraception and sexually transmitted infections.